The association of blood glucose in advanced diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is unclear. This study investigated the association between blood glucose and renal endpoints in DKD patients.
This retrospective cohort study enrolled type 2 diabetic patients with advanced DKD with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between 30-90 ml/min/1.73 m2 and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) of 300-5000 mg/g. We classified patients into 2 groups according to their 1-year average HbA1c: <7% and >7%. We followed up the patients until the occurrence of primary renal endpoints.
A total of 345 patients were included in the analysis for the period 2012-2018. Mean baseline eGFR was 58 ml/min/1.73 m2 and mean albuminuria levels were 1146 and 1313 mg/g, respectively. Median study duration was 3 years. The risk of primary renal endpoints was not decreased in patients with HbA1c less than 7% with an adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of 0.62, 95% CI 0.26-1.45. The risks of persistent eGFR lower than 15 ml/min/1.73 m2 and doubling of serum creatinine level were similar between 2 group with aHR of 0.58 (95% CI 0.19-1.83) and 0.61 (95% CI 0.26-1.44), respectively.
Intensive blood sugar control did not prevent renal failure in advanced DKD.